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TDG: "What Now Lieutenant?" Military Decision Making Historical Case Studies

Keith (M.A. Military History)
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Students are placed in tough decision-making situations based upon real historical accounts from WW1, WW2 and the Korean War. There is no "right" answer: only results!

Class Experience

US Grade 7 - 10
Beginner - Intermediate Level
  • Students will learn what is was like to make tough command decisions during WW1 and WW2. Students will learn about small unit action in both world wars. Students will understand better the challenges of command decision making.
As a long-term wargaming enthusiast with a MA in Military Studies (Land Warfare) - my thesis focused upon military decision making, I am very excited to offer this class. Military History has been a passion of mine since elementary school. I understand the study of Military History, battles, and commanders as a very good way to improve critical thinking and problem-solving. 
The students will be given the opportunity to make situational decisions in real historical case studies about small unit leadership during WW1 and WW2. The process will be cooperative and collaborative as well as being guided by the teacher. There will be no 'right' or 'wrong' decision per se; it will be a matter of interpreting the situation through critical analysis and then creatively problem solving the tactical challenge presented by the scenario.
Antal, John F. “It’s Not the Speed of the Computer That Counts! The Case for Rapid Battlefield Decision-Making.” Armor, (May-June, 1998): 12-16. Banner, Gregory T.  “Decision Making – A Better Way.”  Military Review, (September-October 1997): 53-55. Beach, Lee R. and Terrence R Mitchell, “A Contingency Model for the Selection of Decision Strategies,” Academy of Management Review, vol. 3 (1978): 439-449. Diggins, S.L.C., “The Estimate and the Emperor’s New Clothes,” The British Army Review, no. 124 (2000): 4-12. Erev, Ido, Gary Bornstein, and Thomas S. Wallsten. “The Negative Effect of Probability Assessments on Decision Quality,” Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Making Processes, no. 55 (1993): 78-94. Foss, John W.  “Command.”  Military Review, (January-February 1997): 66-70. Howell, W.C., “Engineering Psychology in a Changing World,” Annual Review of Psychology, vol. 44 (1993): 241-258. Johnston, Joan H., Driskell, James E., and Salas, Eduardo.  “Vigilant and Hypervigilant Decision Making,” Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 82 (1997): 614-622. Klein, Gary. “Strategies of Decision Making.” Military Review, (May 1989): 56-64.
Klein, Gary and Major John F. Schmitt. “How We Plan.” Marine Corps Gazette, (October, 1995): 18-26. Krulak, Charles C.  “Cultivating Intuitive Decisionmaking.”  Marine Corps Gazette, (May, 1999): 18-22. Leser, Jeffrey W.S.  “Battle Command: Vision for Success.”  Military Review, (March-April 1997): 52- 59. Payne, John W. and James R. Bettman, “Behavioral Decision Research: A Constructive Processing Perspective.”  Annual Review of Psychology, vol.43 (1992): 87-116. Rector, George E.  “Leadership and Decisionmaking.”  Marine Corps Gazette, (October, 1995): 21-23. Reisweber, Deborah.  “Battle Command: Will We Have It When We Need It?  Military Review, (September-October 1997): 49-58. Rogers, Charles T.  “Intuition: An Imperative of Command.”  Military Review, (March, 1994): 38- 50. Simon, Herbert A. “Background of Decision Making,” Naval War College Review (November, 1957): 1-24. Storr, Jim.  “Real People, Real Decisions: Designing HQs to Win Wars.”  British Army Review, no. 123 (1999): 7-19. Weis, Jeffrey S.  “Information Mismanagement: The Quest for Certainty on the Battlefield.” Marine Corps Gazette, (October, 1998): 22-23. Wilson, Timothy D. and Schooler, Jonathan W.  “Thinking Too Much: Introspection Can Reduce The Quality of Preferences and Decisions,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 60, no. 2 (1992): 181-192.
Joined September, 2020
Teacher expertise and credentials
Bachelor's Degree in Education
Master's Degree in History
Bachelor's Degree in History
Over the past 30 years I have taught I.G.C.S.E, A-Level, I.B., and A.P. History throughout the Atlantic region in both private and public school settings. During that time I have instructed students in a variety of rigorous exam subjects . I am a... 
Group Class


1x per week
55 min

Completed by 9 learners
Live video meetings
Ages: 12-17
3-10 learners per class

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