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고대 마야의 예술과 고고학

수업
Melissa Amaral, M.Ed.
평균 평점:5.0수강 후기 수:(95)
이 10주 과정을 통해 고대 마야(멕시코, 과테말라, 벨리즈)의 예술, 건축, 고고학 및 역사에 대해 깊이 알아보세요.
보고계신 지문은 자동 번역 되었습니다

수업 경험

미국 등급 6 - 9
10 lessons//10 Weeks
 Week 1
Lesson 1
Who Were the Ancient Maya and How Do We Know?
In our first week, we will introduce the ancient Maya civilization and its setting in Mexico and Central America. We will place the ancient Maya on a timeline of world history and recognize that millions of Maya people live today. We will discuss sources of information that teach us about the ancient Maya, including archaeological evidence, Maya texts (codices, monuments, and pottery), and accounts from the time of the Spanish Conquest and from modern-day Maya.
 Week 2
Lesson 2
The Earliest Maya
How did the Maya civilization come to be? We will travel back in time thousands of years to trace the early history of the Maya from hunter-gatherers to the development of permanent settlements and agriculture. We will explore some of the earliest Maya cities such as Kaminaljuyu, Nakbe, San Bartolo, and El Mirador, and examine evidence of their early political, religious, and economic institutions.
 Week 3
Lesson 3
Breaking the Maya Code
How did the ancient Maya keep records? What remains of their writing? How was it deciphered, and can we read it all now? This week, we will examine the ancient Maya writing system, which is made of about 800 glyphs. The glyphs can represent both logograms and syllables, and the Maya liked to mix and match for artistic effect. After learning about the structure of Maya writing and its relatively recent advances in decipherment, students will write an approximation of their names in Mayan glyphs.
 Week 4
Lesson 4
The Maya Calendars and Number System
Did you know that the ancient Maya were one of the few civilizations with a symbol for zero? Did the ancient Maya really believe the world was going to end in 2012? This week, students will learn to read and write the symbols for zero, one, and five, which can be combined to make any possible number! Students will also learn about the ways that the ancient Maya recorded time, including the 365-day Haab' calendar, the 260-day Tzolkʼin ritual calendar, the calendar round, and the Long Count.
 Week 5
Lesson 5
The Rise of the Classic Maya
During the centuries of Maya history referred to as the Classic period, urban populations grow under increasingly powerful rulers. Specialized artisans produce great works of art and architecture. We will learn about the ancient Maya economy and the organization of society that flourished circa 250-900 CE.
 Week 6
Lesson 6
The Supernatural World of the Maya
What do we know about the ancient Maya worldview? Who were their deities? What kinds of rituals and ceremonies did they commemorate? This week, we will learn about the Hero Twins, the Maya creation story, and the supernatural beginnings of the Maya ballgame. We will also make connections between Maya deities and the natural landscape.
 Week 7
Lesson 7
Maya Elites and the Royal Court
Much of the surviving monumental stelae and inscriptions portray the accomplishments of Maya kings and tell stories of war, power, and sacrifice. Who were these kings? What were their titles? What did they rule?
 Week 8
Lesson 8
Splendor of the Classic Cities
The Classic period is marked by the growth of cities and the building of monumental architecture and sculptures. We will take a closer look at major Maya cities such as Copan, Tikal, Palenque, and Calakmul. While examining the remains of these cities, students will learn about the rivalries and alliances between metropolises.
 Week 9
Lesson 9
The Great Collapse and the Postclassic Maya
What caused the collapse of the Maya civilization? Did the Maya civilization actually collapse? As the Classic period comes to a close, people began moving away from urban centers, especially in the southern lowlands. However, some cities continued to flourish, particularly Chichen Itza in the northern Yucatan Peninsula. We will compare and contrast the art and architecture of Chichen Itza with what we have seen from other Classic Maya cities.
 Week 10
Lesson 10
Conclusion and Escape Room Review
What is the legacy of the ancient Maya? What did we learn together? We will wrap up the course by reviewing the major achievements and contributions of the ancient Maya in the form of a virtual escape room.
Students will be able to locate the geographic area inhabited by the ancient Maya (southeastern Mexico and the Yucatan Peninsula, Guatemala, Belize, and parts of Honduras and El Salvador) and differentiate between the natural features of the Highland and Lowland areas.

Students will compare and contrast ancient Maya monumental architecture with that of other societies, past and present.

Students will be able to read and write the numbers 0-20 (and possibly beyond) in the Maya base-20 number system.

Students will be able to recognize ancient Maya symbols and imagery associated with Maya royalty, city-states, and both the natural and supernatural worlds.

Students will be able to describe the structure of ancient Maya society and the relationships between city-states.
I double-majored in Anthropology and Archaeology at Brown University, where I took several courses related to the ancient Maya and Mesoamerica, including two semesters of Ancient Maya Writing, Mesoamerican Archaeology, The Classic Maya, and an independent study on the use of quatrefoils in ancient Maya art.
숙제 제공
Each lesson will include a brief handout (fill-in-the-blanks) to help summarize major points from the class. We review the answers at the beginning of the following class as a review. I can share additional resources between classes for students who want to learn more.
수업 외 주당 0 - 1 시간
제공되는 평가
Students are assessed informally throughout class. I embed multiple-choice or true/false questions throughout my presentation to review important concepts and check for understanding. I also provide handouts and graphic organizers for students to take note of information learned and may ask students to share what they've written or drawn.
제공되는 성적
Handouts will be provided.
아웃스쿨 사이트의 기능 외 별도의 앱이나 웹 사이트를 사용할 필요가 없습니다.
There will be mentions of Maya warfare, human sacrifice, and ritual bloodletting, but we will not go in-depth on these topics.
Sources include:
Coe, Michael D. (2012). Breaking the Maya Code. Third edition. New York: Thames & Hudson.
Coe, Michael D. and Houston, Stephen. (2015). The Maya. Ninth edition. New York: Thames & Hudson.
Coe, Michael D. and Van Stone, Mark. (2005). Reading the Maya Glyphs. New York: Thames & Hudson.
Martin, Simon. (2000). Chronicle of the Maya Kings and Queens. New York: Thames & Hudson.
Miller, Mary Ellen. (2014). Maya Art and Architecture. Second edition. New York: Thames & Hudson. 
Miller, Mary Ellen and Martin, Simon. (2004). Courtly Art of the Ancient Maya. New York: Thames & Hudson.
Sharer, Robert J. (2006). The Ancient Maya. Sixth edition. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Sharer, Robert J. (2009). Daily Life of the Ancient Maya. Second edition. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Additional information and images from:
Dumbarton Oaks Museum: https://www.doaks.org/
Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies (FAMSI): http://www.famsi.org/
Google Arts and Culture: https://artsandculture.google.com/project/exploring-the-maya-world
Maya Vase Database: https://www.mayavase.com/
평균 평점:5.0수강 후기 수:(95)
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Hello!

My name is Melissa. I help you define and achieve your dreams.

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The most important thing I do is ask questions and listen. I ask the questions that promote self-reflection and self-awareness. I ask the questions that challenge you to... 
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