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Potential Career Paths for Biology and Chemistry

Health & Wellness

Pathways in Medicine: Optometry & Ophthalmology

Students will learn medical terminology specific to Optometry & Ophthalmology while exploring the many career pathways this field offers. Students will gain insight and empathy for visually impaired patients in this course.
Rachel Adams
150 total reviews for this teacher
New class
  There are no upcoming classes.
55 minutes
per class
Once per week
over 4 weeks
year olds
learners per class
per learner - per class

How does aMulti-Daycourse work?

Meets multiple times at scheduled times
Live video chats, recorded and monitored for safety and quality
Discussions via classroom forum and private messages with the teacher
Great for engaging projects and interacting with diverse classmates from other states and countries

How Outschool Works

There are no open spots for this class.

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Class Experience

- Understand the terminology used in everyday Optometry & Ophthalmology.
- Identify clinical procedures & pathology.
- Apply new knowledge to understanding medical terms in their proper contexts.
- Identify the anatomy of an eye.
- Make informed college & career decisions regarding pathways to becoming an optometrist, ophthalmologist, optician, ophthalmic scribe, ophthalmic technician, and receptionist.
- Identify soft skills & hard skills used in visual health careers.
In addition to being a STEM+M educator and college/career coach, I have a connection to the medical field that is deep. I specialize in medical language and have worked in the field since 1999--over 20 years in medicine! In addition, my multiple certifications in medicine are detailed below. I am fluent in medical terminology and certified in all clinical specialties. I am an expert in health information integrity.

CHDS - Certified Healthcare Documentation Specialist 
What is a CHDS? The Association for Healthcare Documentation Integrity certifies medical transcriptionists (also known as medical language specialists) in the foundational understanding of the following:

➢ Medical terminology
➢ Anatomy
➢ Physiology
➢ Disease processes
➢ Diagnostics – laboratory medicine, imaging, classification systems
➢ Treatment – pharmacology, surgery, special procedures
➢ Equipment and instruments
➢ Healthcare technology – abbreviations, definitions
➢ Electronic health record – abbreviations, definitions
➢ Speech recognition technology – abbreviations, definitions, & editing
➢ Standards, nomenclatures, and measurement systems – abbreviations,

Major Specialties: Cardiovascular, Dermatology, Endocrinology, Ophthalmology, Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Genetics, General Surgery, Hematology/Oncology, Infectious Disease, Neurology, OB/Gyn, Orthopedics, Otorhinolaryngology, Pain Management, Pediatrics, Plastic Surgery, Psychiatry/Psychology, Pulmonary Medicine, Rheumatology, and Urology.

Ancillary Specialties: Allergy/Immunology, Dentistry/Oral Surgery, and Nutrition/Dietetics.

I have held the credential of CHDS for the past 11 years, since 2010. The understanding of medical terminology is critical to medical language specialists because we must be able to hear errors spoken by dictating physicians with regard to diagnosis and treatment, which are vital to quality patient care.

From the AHDI Credentialing Candidate Guide: 

"Medical transcription involves a highly interpretive skill set, where medical language specialists partner with providers to create an accurate reflection of a patient care encounter. Medical transcription demands the application of informed judgment and interpretive skill that extends beyond what is heard. It requires a foundational understanding of the diagnostic process, clinical medicine, treatment, and care to be interpreted accurately and applied within the context of complex narrative dictation. In addition to the complexities inherent in the medical document, dictating authors who speak English as a second language, those with disjointed and rambling narrative, and/or those who dictate unclearly or at accelerated speeds continue to require that medical transcriptionists bring yet another strong interpretive skill set to the process. Medical transcriptionists cannot bring that interpretive skill set to the table without a significant foundation of knowledge and training." 

In addition to the foundational knowledge and expertise my CHDS credential brings to the classroom, I have also been certified as a CMT (Certified Medical Transcriptionist) by The Association for Healthcare Documentation Integrity from 2007 to 2010 when AHDI essentially rebranded credentialing medical language specialists with the CHDS credential. 

I have also been certified as a COA (Certified Ophthalmic Assistant) and have worked in Ophthalmology & Optometry since 1999 as a technician, scribe, and transcriptionist. I have worked in this clinical specialty for over 20 years! COAs are certified in the following content areas by the Joint Commission on Allied Health Personnel in Ophthalmology (JCAHPO): 

➢ HISTORY AND DOCUMENTATION: Ocular, Medical, Medication, Social, and Family.

➢ VISUAL ASSESSMENT: Test and record visual acuity appropriately for patients with all levels of acuity:
• Counting fingers
• Hand motion
• Light perception
• No light perception

➢ Test and record visual acuity on preliterate, illiterate, non-verbal, or foreign language patients
➢ Define low vision
➢ Test and record visual acuity using pinhole occlude
➢ Test and record stereoacuity
➢ Test and record near point of accommodation and convergence
➢ Test for visual acuity (distance and near) using optotype (Allen, Tumbling E, numbers, and Snellen)
➢ Describe the advantages and disadvantages of different low vision devices 

➢ Perform Amsler grid testing
➢ Perform confrontation fields testing
➢ Perform automated perimetry
➢ Perform Goldmann perimetry

➢ Measure
➢ Compare
➢ Evaluate
➢ Shape

➢ Measure intraocular pressure with hand-held applanator
➢ Measure intraocular pressure by applanation tonometry
➢ Measure intraocular pressure with non-contact tonometer
➢ Clean and disinfect tonometers

KERATOMETRY: Perform automated keratometry

➢ Versions and Ductions
➢ Functions
➢ Anomalies
➢ Cover tests
➢ Stereoacuity
➢ Nystagmus

➢ Neutralize Spectacles:
• Automated
• Manual 

➢ Measure refractive error with an automated refractor
➢  Use refraction techniques: fogging, duo chrome, binocular balance
➢  Measure vertex distance
➢  Perform and record transposition
➢  Calculate and record spherical equivalence

BIOMETRY: Diagnostic/standardized A-Scan

➢ Perform and record glare testing (e.g. BAT)
➢ Perform and record Potential Acuity Meter (PAM)
➢ Demonstrate use of slit lamp lenses
➢ Demonstrate use of pen light
➢ Perform and record color vision using color plates
➢ Perform pachymetry
➢ Assess and record anterior chamber depth with a slit lamp or pen light
➢ Perform and record laser tests for glaucoma/retina (OCT)
➢Perform and record tear tests:
• Schirmer
• Rose Bengal
➢ Order and maintain patient education materials inventory

MICROBIOLOGY: Describe and follow Universal Precautions and infection control measures to maintain clinical asepsis.

In addition to the above certifications that qualify me to teach the medical language portion of this class, I am also an educator and have taught medical terminology courses at a STEM+M high school in Rootstown, Ohio, to students in grades 9-12. Beyond that, I have been a college & career coach in the 11th-grade classroom that has guided young men & women to discover careers in medicine (and other fields). I have helped these students map out their college plans with tremendous success. 

My "Pathways in Medicine" career series on OutSchool focuses on medical terminology and career exploration, both of which I am highly qualified to teach.
Students will meet with the instructor 1 hour per week, but that's not all! Homework is assigned in this course and displayed each week in a beautiful class Padlet. Students will have assignments that bring learning the medical language full-circle. Not only will we focus on the meanings of medical words and their individual word parts, but students will also participate in pronunciation practice and spelling tests every week. The reflection journal prompts every week will help students dive deep into career exploration and become self-experts when it comes to designing and mapping out their own future pathways.
A medical terminology eBook will be provided by the instructor.
In addition to the Outschool classroom, this class uses:
55 minutes per week in class, and an estimated 2 - 4 hours per week outside of class.
A medical terminology eBook will be provided by the instructor.


Rachel Adams
Lives in the United States
University of Massachusetts Alumna, Author & Children's Book Illustrator, Medical Language Specialist, College & Career Coach with a Bachelor of Arts in English (Magna Cum Laude), Associate of Arts in English (with distinction), and Associate of Science Degree (with distinction). Inducted member of the Alpha Sigma Lambda National Honor Society.
150 total reviews
153 completed classes

About Me

"Education is not the filling of a pot but the lighting of a fire."  –W.B. Yeats

Welcome! I'm Rachel Marshall Adams, and I am so glad that you've found me on Outschool! 

I have spent 7 years in STEM+M (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math, +... 
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